disdisaPresentation References & Links

Slide 3 – To lose 1lb of fat1

Slide 4 – Where does the calorie formula come from?(Link i)2

Slide 5 – Where does the calorie formula come from?3

Slide 6 – 1lb does not equal4-8

Slide 8 – A deficit of 3500 will not9-12

Slide 9 – A deficit of 3500 will not12

Slide 12 – Animal fat is saturated[Link ii] (I may mention a quote from this paper).

Slide 14 – Animal fat is saturated[Link iii]

Slide 15 – Saturated fat does not cause CHD13

Slide 16 – Saturated fat does not cause CHD14 (I may mention this paper).

Slide 17 – Saturated fat does not cause CHD15-17

Slide 19 – Saturated fat does not cause CHD18

Slide 21 – Saturated fat does not cause CHD18

Slide 22 – Chol does not cause CVD[Link iv]

Slide 27 – Whole grains vs other foods[Link v]

Slide 29 – Five a day19


  2. Lulu Hunt Peters, Diet and Health (with key to the calories), published by Chicago The Reilly and Lee Company, (1918).
  3. National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE). Obesity: the prevention, identification, assessment and management of overweight and obesity in adults and children,. Clinical Guideline 43; 2006.
  4. Max Rubner, “Zeitschrift fur Biologie,” Festschrift zu Voit, (1901).
  5. Bozenraad, Deutsche Archives Internal Medicine, (1911).
  6. Geoffrey Livesey, “The Calorie Delusion: Why food labels are wrong”, New Scientist, (15 July 2009).
  7. FAO Food & Nutrition paper 77: “Food energy – methods of analysis and conversion factors”, Report of a Technical Workshop, Rome, (December 2002).
  8. Max Wishnofsky, “Caloric equivalents of gained or lost weight”, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, (1958).
  9. Francis G. Benedict, Human Vitality and efficiency under prolonged restricted diet, (study 1917, published 1919).
  10. Ancel Keys, The Biology of Human Starvation, (study 1944-45, report 1950).
  11. Stunkard A. and M. McLaren-Hume, “The results of treatment for obesity: a review of the literature and report of a series”, Archives of Internal Medicine, (1959).
  12. Marion J. Franz, Jeffrey J. VanWormer, A. Lauren Crain, Jackie L. Boucher, Trina Histon, William Caplan, Jill Bowman, Nicolas Pronk. “Weight Loss Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Weight Loss Clinical Trials with a Minimum 1-Year Follow-Up”, Journal of the American Dietetic Association, (2007).
  13. Patty W Siri-Tarino, Qi Sun, Frank B Hu and Ronald M Krauss, “Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, (March 2010).
  14. Harcombe Z, Baker JS, Cooper SM, et al. Evidence from randomised controlled trials did not support the introduction of dietary fat guidelines in 1977 and 1983: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Open Heart 2015; 2(1).
  15. Burr ML, Fehily AM, Gilbert JF, et al. Effects of changes in fat, fish, and fibre intakes on death and myocardial reinfarction: diet and reinfarction trial (DART). The Lancet 1989; 2(8666): 757-61.
  16. Frantz ID, Dawson EA, Ashman PL, et al. Test of effect of lipid lowering by diet on cardiovascular risk. The Minnesota Coronary Survey. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 1989; 9(1): 129-35.
  17. Watts GF, Lewis B, Brunt JN, et al. Effects on coronary artery disease of lipid-lowering diet, or diet plus cholestyramine, in the St Thomas’ Atherosclerosis Regression Study (STARS). The Lancet 1992; 339(8793): 563-9.
  18. Allender S, Scarborough P, Peto V, Rayner M. European Cardiovascular Disease Statistics: British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, 2008.
  19. T J Key. “Fruit and vegetables and cancer risk” British Journal of Cancer. Nature Publishing Group. Nov 30, 2010 (


Link (i)

Link (ii):

Sirloin steak:





Olive oil:

1% fat milk:

Link (iii):



Whole wheat pita bread:

Sirloin steak:






Olive oil:

Link (iv)

Link (v):



Sunflower Seeds:

Whole wheat flour:

Brown rice: