Flint House January 2024

Slide 2
The Panel on Macronutrients. Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids (Macronutrients): The National Academies Press, 2005. (Quotation comes from p275)

Slide 8
Sirloin steak: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/beef-sirloin-nutrition-data/
Eggs: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/eggs-nutrition-data/
Mackerel: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/mackerel-nutrition-data/
Lard: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/lard-nutrition-data/
Almonds: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/almonds-nutrition-data/
Olive oil: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/olive-oil-nutrition-data/
1% fat milk: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/milk-1-fat-nutrition-data/
Pork chop: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/pork-chop-nutrition-data/

Slide 9
Sirloin steak: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/beef-sirloin-nutrition-data/
Harcombe et al. Food for Thought: Have We Been Giving the Wrong Dietary Advice? Food and Nutrition Sciences 2013.

Slide 15
Harcombe et al. Evidence from randomised controlled trials did not support the introduction of dietary fat guidelines in 1977 and 1983: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Open Heart. 2015.
Harcombe et al. Evidence from prospective cohort studies did not support the introduction of dietary fat guidelines in 1977 and 1983: a systematic review. Br J Sports Med. 2016.
Harcombe et al. Evidence from randomised controlled trials does not support current dietary fat guidelines: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Open Heart. 2016.
Harcombe et al. Evidence from prospective cohort studies does not support current dietary fat guidelines: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2016.

Slide 16
Skeaff CM, Miller J. Dietary fat and coronary heart disease: summary of evidence from prospective cohort and randomised controlled trials. Ann. Nutr. Metab. 2009.
Siri-Tarino et al. Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 2010.
Hooper et al. Reduced or modified dietary fat for preventing cardiovascular disease. Cochrane database of systematic reviews. 2011.
Chowdhury et al. Association of Dietary, Circulating, and Supplement Fatty Acids With Coronary Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Ann. Intern. Med. 2014.
Schwingshackl L, Hoffmann G. Dietary fatty acids in the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease: a systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression. BMJ Open 2014.
Hooper et al. Reduction in saturated fat intake for cardiovascular disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2015.
Harcombe Z. Dietary fat guidelines have no evidence base: where next for public health nutritional advice? Br J Sports Med. 2016.

Slide 18
Eatwell guide: https://zoeharcombe.com/2016/03/eatwell-guide
Nutrition deficiency https://zoeharcombe.com/2018/07/the-eatwell-guide-is-nutritionally-deficient

Slide 19
Willett W, Rockström J, Loken B, et al. Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems. The Lancet 2019.
Eat Lancet nutrition deficiency: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/2019/01/the-eat-lancet-diet-is-nutritionally-deficient/
Letter to The Lancet: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/2019/03/letter-to-the-lancet-re-eat/

Slide 22
Liver: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/chicken-liver-raw-nutrition-data/
Steak: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/beef-sirloin-nutrition-data/
Sardines: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/sardines-nutrition-data/
Broccoli: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/broccoli-nutrition-data/
Apple: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/apples-nutrition-data/
Brown rice: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/brown-rice-nutrition-data/
Lentils: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/lentils-nutrition-data/
The USDA database doesn’t report B7 Biotin consistently.

Slide 24
Cocoa Powder: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/nutrition-data/cocoa-powder-nutrition-data/

Slide 27
Harcombe Z. Designed by the food industry for wealth, not health: the ‘Eatwell Guide’. Br J Sports Med 2016.
Eatwell conflicts: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/2016/03/eatwell-guide-conflicts-of-interest

Slide 29
EAT Lancet Fresh membership https://eatforum.org/initiatives/fresh/


Coupon Code for 25% discount on first year annual membership: Flint25 https://www.zoeharcombe.com/register/membership-annual/



Added references following questions: (Some articles require a subscription access)

1) Being fat-adapted and sports performance (for Harry):

Book: The Art and Science of Low Carbohydrate Living: An Expert Guide to Making the Life-Saving Benefits of Carbohydrate Restriction Sustainable and Enjoyable by Stephen D. Phinney, Jeff S. Volek (2011)

Book: The Art and Science of Low Carbohydrate Performance by Jeff S. Volek, Stephen D. Phinney (2012)

Lecture: Professor Tim Noakes – Why did I support high carbohydrate diets for athletes for so long? https://www.zoeharcombe.com/lchf-convention-cape-town-sa/prof-tim-noakes-why-did-i-support-high-carbohydrate-diets-for-athletes-for-so-long/

Post: Andy’s brother https://www.zoeharcombe.com/2017/05/running-on-fat-1700km-in-26-days/

Post: The Philip Prins, Noakes, Phinney and Volek latest work: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/2023/04/lchf-vs-hclf-for-athletic-performance/

2) Fruit & Five a day: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/?s=five+a+day

3) How foods with plant sterols lower cholesterol and worsen outcomes:

Harcombe & Baker. Plant sterols lower cholesterol and increase risk for coronary heart disease. Journal of Biological Sciences. 2014: https://thescipub.com/abstract/ojbsci.2014.167.169

4) Saturated fat & LDL-Cholesterol. The RCT:

A randomised controlled trial that showed saturated fat did not impact cholesterol, plant sterols did: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/2020/04/coconut-oil-olive-oil-butter-ldl-cholesterol/

5) The inverse association (for 192 countries) between cholesterol and deaths: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/2010/11/cholesterol-heart-disease-there-is-a-relationship-but-its-not-what-you-think/

This was published in an academic article here Ravnskov et al. The LDL Paradox: Higher LDL-Cholesterol is Associated with Greater Longevity. Annals of Epidemiology & Public Health. 2020.

6) The inverse association between saturated fat intake & deaths from coronary heart disease in Europe: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/2015/03/saturated-fat-chd-in-europe/

7) Rebutting the cholesterol hypothesis: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/2021/06/rebutting-the-cholesterol-hypothesis/

(There’s lots on my site if you put “cholesterol” in the search box.

8) Rebutting nutritional myths: https://www.zoeharcombe.com/2023/05/the-best-rebuttals-for-nutritional-myths/

Presentations mentioned:

The fibre presentation (PHC)

The dietary fat presentation (PHC)

The calories presentation (PHC)