Presentation References & Links

Slide 4:

Sirloin steak:





Olive oil:

1% fat milk:

Slide 6: References 1,2,3,4

Slide 7: References 4,5

Slide 8: References 6,7

Slide 9: References 8,9,10

Slide 10: References 11-17

Slide 11: References 18,19

Slide 12: Reference 20

Slide 13: References 21-26

Slide 14: Reference 20

(Why I think cholesterol fell but not mortality August 2014: Harcombe Z, Baker J. “Plant Sterols lower cholesterol, but increase risk for Coronary Heart Disease.” Online J Biol Sci 2014; 14(3): 167-9.)

Slide 17: Reference 27

Slide 18: References 28-31

Slide 24: Reference 32

Slide 25: Reference 33



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  2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agriculture USDA. Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Washington: U.S. Government printing office; 1980.
  3. National Advisory Committee on Nutritional Education (NACNE). A discussion paper on proposals for nutritional guidelines for health education in Britain. 1983.
  4. Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy (COMA). Diet and cardiovascular disease: Report of the panel on diet in relation to cardiovascular disease. 1984.
  5. Tanner TH. The Practice of Medicine. Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston; 1869.
  6. Anitschkow N. Über die Veränderungen der Kaninchenaorta bei experimenteller Cholesterinsteatose. Beitr Pathol Anat 1913; 56: 379-404.
  7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Table 26. Leading causes of death and numbers of deaths, by sex, race, and Hispanic origin: United States, 1980 and 2007,. In: National Center for Health Statistics, editor.; 2011.
  8. Keys A, Anderson JT, Mickelsen O, Adelson SF, Fidanza F. Diet and Serum Cholesterol in Man: Lack of Effect of Dietary Cholesterol. The Journal of Nutrition 1956; 59(1): 39-56.
  9. Keys A, Anderson JT. The relationship of the diet to the development of atherosclerosis in man. In: National Research Council DoMS, ed. Symposium on atherosclerosis. Washington; 1955: 181-96.
  10. Keys, A., Mickelsen, O., Miller, E. v. O., and Chapman, C. B. (1950c) The Relation in Man between Cholesterol Levels in the Diet and in the Blood. Science. Vol.112(2899), pp.79-81.
  11. Garcia-Palmieri, et al (1969) An epidemiological study on coronary heart disease in Puerto Rico: The Puerto Rico Heart Health Program. Bol Asoc Med P R. Vol.61(6), pp.174-9.
  12. Gordon, T. et al. (1981) Diet and its relation to coronary heart disease and death in three populations. Circulation. Vol.63(3), pp.500-15.
  13. Gordon, T., and Kannel, W. B. (1970) The Framingham Massachusetts Study twenty years later. In: I. Kessler and M. Levin, (eds.) The Community as an Epidemiologic Laboratory; A Casebook of Community Studies.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, pp. 123-146.
  14. Kagan, A. et al. (1974) Epidemiologic studies of coronary heart disease and stroke in Japanese men living in Japan, Hawaii and California: demographic, physical, dietary and biochemical characteristics. J Chronic Dis. Vol.27(7-8), pp.345-64.
  15. Keys, A. (1970) Coronary heart disease in seven countries I. The study program and objectives. Circulation. Vol.41(I-1-I-8).
  16. Morris, J. N., Marr, J. W., and Clayton, D. G. (1977) Diet and heart: a postscript. BMJ. Vol.2(6098), pp.1307-1314.
  17. Paul, O. et al. (1963) A Longitudinal Study of Coronary Heart Disease. Circulation. Vol.28(1), pp.20-31.
  18. Keys A. Coronary heart disease in seven countries Summary. Circulation 1970; 41(I-186-I-195).
  19. Menotti A, Keys A, Kromhout D, et al. Inter-cohort differences in coronary heart disease mortality in the 25-year follow-up of the seven countries study. European journal of epidemiology 1993; 9(5): 527-36.
  20. Harcombe Z, Baker JS, Cooper SM, et al. Evidence from randomised controlled trials did not support the introduction of dietary fat guidelines in 1977 and 1983: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Open Heart 2015; 2(1).
  21. Rose GA, Thomson WB, Williams RT. Corn Oil in Treatment of Ischaemic Heart Disease. BMJ 1965; 1(5449): 1531-3.
  22. Research Committee. Low-fat diet in myocardial infarction: A controlled trial. The Lancet 1965; 2(7411): 501-4.
  23. Medical Research Council. Controlled trial of soya-bean oil in myocardial infarction: Report of a research committee to the Medical Research Council. The Lancet 1968; 292(7570): 693-700.
  24. Dayton S, Pearce ML, Hashomoto S, Dixon WJ, Tomiyasu U. A Controlled Clinical Trial of a Diet High in Unsaturated Fat in Preventing Complications of Atherosclerosis. Circulation 1969; 40(1S2): II-1-II-63.
  25. Leren P. The Oslo Diet-Heart Study. Circulation 1970; 42: 935-42.
  26. Woodhill JM, Palmer AJ, Leelarthaepin B, McGilchrist C, Blacket RB. Low fat, low cholesterol diet in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. Advances in experimental medicine and biology 1978; 109: 317-30.
  27. Siri-Tarino, P. W., Sun, Q., Hu, F. B., and Krauss, R. M. (2010) Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease. Am J Clin Nutr. Vol.91(3), pp.535-46.
  28. Burr, M. L. et al. (1989) Effects of changes in fat, fish, and fibre intakes on death and myocardial reinfarction: diet and reinfarction trial (DART). The Lancet. Vol.2(8666), pp.757-61.
  29. Frantz, I. D. et al (1989) Test of effect of lipid lowering by diet on cardiovascular risk. The Minnesota Coronary Survey. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. Vol.9(1), pp.129-135.
  30. Howard, B. V. et al (2006) Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of cardiovascular disease: the Women’s Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial. Jama. Vol.295(6), pp.655-66.
  31. Watts, G. F. et al. (1992) Effects on coronary artery disease of lipid-lowering diet, or diet plus cholestyramine, in the St Thomas’ Atherosclerosis Regression Study (STARS). The Lancet. Vol.339(8793), pp.563-9.
  32. Michael Wadsworth, Diana Kuh, Marcus Richards, Hardy. R. Cohort Profile: The 1946 National Birth Cohort (MRC National Survey of Health and Development). Int J Epidemiol 2006; 35: 49-54.
  33. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Health United States. In: Prevention CfDCa, editor.; 2006. p. 559.


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