These are the references for my presentation for Meat Promotion Wales on 14th November 2019:
The Panel on Macronutrients. Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids (Macronutrients): The National Academies Press, 2005. (Quotation comes from p275)
Olive oil: http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/fats-and-oils/509/2
1% fat milk: http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/dairy-and-egg-products/74/2
Water 66%, protein 18.3%, fat 15.3% (sat fat 7.7%) = 99.6% (Ash 1%)
Protein being a fairly constant 15%:
Gordon Wardlaw, Smith. A. Contemporary Nutrition. Seventh edition ed: McGraw Hill; 2009 10 February 2008.
Dehghan M, Mente A, Zhang X, Swaminathan S, Li W, Mohan V, et al. Associations of fats and carbohydrate intake with cardiovascular disease and mortality in 18 countries from five continents (PURE): a prospective cohort study. The Lancet. 2017.
Willett W, Rockström J, Loken B, et al. Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems. The Lancet 2019;393(10170):447-92. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31788-4.
Harcombe Z, Baker JS, Cooper SM, et al. Evidence from randomised controlled trials did not support the introduction of dietary fat guidelines in 1977 and 1983: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Open Heart 2015.
Harcombe Z, Baker JS, DiNicolantonio JJ, et al. Evidence from randomised controlled trials does not support current dietary fat guidelines: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Open Heart 2016.
Harcombe Z, Baker JS, Davies B. Evidence from prospective cohort studies did not support the introduction of dietary fat guidelines in 1977 and 1983: a systematic review. Br J Sports Med 2016.
Harcombe Z, Baker J, Davies B. Evidence from prospective cohort studies does not support current dietary fat guidelines: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med 2016.
Harcombe Z. Dietary fat guidelines have no evidence base: where next for public health nutritional advice? Br J Sports Med 2016.
Skeaff CM, Miller J. Dietary fat and coronary heart disease: summary of evidence from prospective cohort and randomised controlled trials. Ann. Nutr. Metab. 2009.
Siri-Tarino PW, Sun Q, Hu FB, Krauss RM. Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease. The American journal of clinical nutrition 2010
Hooper L, Summerbell CD, Thompson R, et al. Reduced or modified dietary fat for preventing cardiovascular disease. Cochrane database of systematic reviews. 2011.
Chowdhury R, Warnakula S, Kunutsor S, et al. Association of Dietary, Circulating, and Supplement Fatty Acids With Coronary Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Ann. Intern. Med. 2014.
Schwingshackl L, Hoffmann G. Dietary fatty acids in the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease: a systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression. BMJ Open 2014.
Hooper L, Martin N, Abdelhamid A, Davey Smith G. Reduction in saturated fat intake for cardiovascular disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015.
Harcombe Z. Dietary fat guidelines have no evidence base: where next for public health nutritional advice? Br J Sports Med. 2016.
Slides 25 & 26:
Bradbury et al. “Diet and colorectal cancer in UK Biobank: a prospective study.” International Journal of Epidemiology. April 2019.
Brown rice: http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/cereal-grains-and-pasta/5706/2
Cocoa Powder: http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/sweets/5471/2
Slides 34 & 35:
Harcombe Z. Designed by the food industry for wealth, not health: the ‘Eatwell Guide’. Br J Sports Med 2016.
A video of a slightly longer version of this presentation
(I’m on from 0 to 48 minutes)
Other interesting references:
The Vegetarian Myth summary.
Here’s the presentation on the first part of The Diet Fix – why calorie counting is not a good idea.
Here’s the paper on dementia/Alzheimer’s being seen as Type 3 diabetes.
Here’s some great reading on the roots of the plant-based dietary guidelines – religion, vegans and Kellogg’s!