Yerushalmy and Hilleboe suggested that there were a number of dietary components, which appeared to be positively related to heart disease, but that these were also a reflection of related attributes of various countries. They proposed that the amount of fat and protein available for consumption was an index of a country’s development: industrially; nutritionally; medically and in other aspects (p.2350) .
Data for Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita are available for 20 of the 22 countries reviewed by Yerushalmy and Hilleboe for 1950 . The two countries for which data were unavailable were Ceylon and Israel.
GDP per capita and fat intake
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